There’s an inseparable link between migraine and sleep that has been noted for centuries and scientists have attempted to elaborately explain their link based of the brain’s regions of anatomy and physiology similar to both conditions, however, the link between a migraine and sleep remains be poorly understood up to this date.
Technically speaking, the relationship of these conditions compliments one another, as in a migraine can be both caused and relieved by sleep, as well as being a cause of too much or too little sleep. So here’s the question that made you read up to this article, do your sleep habits really triggers a migraine?
The Basics of Sleep
Sleep is the most inevitable bodily function which has fascinated not only the scientists but also some individuals in attaining knowledge of the brain’s function. However, despite the fascination, it is still mostly a mystery to us all.
Sleep is governed largely by two conditions. First is the brain’s circadian rhythm which determines the time of the 24-hour light-dark cycle which helps us sleep immediately at night, which is mostly influenced by our surroundings corresponding through light and darkness. This then starts to produce melatonin which peaks over a 24-hour period which is timed by the circadian rhythm.
The 24-hour body clock then secretes melatonin which is complemented by a separate cycle of sleep pressure, which increases steadily during wakefulness and dissipates rapidly during sleep. At this point, when these two conditions intersect, it corrects chemical and physiological environment within particular areas of the brain which generates the balance between wakefulness and sleep.
The Linked Evidence
You may have learned beforehand that most of the sleep disorders, mental disorders, and headache disorders are profoundly influenced by sleep, and some seem to occur exclusively in relation to sleep. This is because conversely, these groups of disorders can affect sleep in any way which gives a rise in a causality dilemma.
Research has proved that migraine attacks are said to be more likely to occur between 04:00 and 09:00 am, this suggests a timing mechanism that relates to sleep or circadian rhythms or both. This is why sleep deprivation is a well-known trigger, same as excessive sleeping —wherein excessive sleepiness may serve as a premonitory phase before a migraine attack or a symptom following the attack.
Its Close Relationship
With a finely tuned system, known as homeostasis, is the balance of sleep and wakefulness with its correct timing. However, if the balance is thrown through sleep deprivation, fragmented sleep, or sleeping at inappropriate times relative to your body clock will make your body’s system try to compensate to redress the balance.
An idea has suggested that a migraine attack could actually represent one of the regulatory mechanisms due to an extreme and abnormal over-compensation from lack of sleep. An example of this is when you are suffering a migraine due to sleep deprivation, which it might actually force you to keep still and lie down in the dark hoping to get some sleep.
Among all of these shreds of evidence and links between a migraine and sleep, what you can only do is to have a quality and healthy sleep. So, you must push yourself to pursue healthy sleeping through properly researching, such as the counting sheep website to know more about sleeping guides. Additionally, there are lots of things that you can do to achieve this goal.
Going to bed and getting up each day consistently is the first way to correct the phase of your circadian cycle which is highly important. Try to go to bed and get up at the same time each day, like sleeping during the correct phase of your circadian cycle is important. The second tip would be spending some outdoor time with its offered natural sunlight for it to help your 24-hour light-dark cycle.
After all of these evidence and science-based statements, it is still far from everyone’s understanding as to how sleep really affects migraine and most of the disorders. However, this does not show that sleep is insignificant to one’s health; instead, it strongly proves how sleep affects one’s well-being the further researchers study about sleep.
Which then all boils down to one’s sleep hygiene that surely greatly affects the quality of sleep that you are getting. Research more about sleep through the counting sheep research and talk to your doctor more about healthy sleep or if you are experiencing symptoms.